Capsicum or Shimla Mirch is one of the most common peppers you can get and they’re known by many names including bell peppers, sweet peppers, and Shimla Mirch. It’s a colorful group of peppers, and the most common being red, yellow, and green. But there’s also orange, vanilla, and purple as well, though they are pretty rare.
You will be surprised to this little known fact that red peppers are actually just ripened green peppers. The color of the pepper indicates how sweet it is. Green peppers are usually the least sweet, and more bitter than yellow or orange peppers, and red peppers are pretty much the sweetest – so you need to keep that in mind when using them in a dish you’re preparing.
Capsicum: Nutritional Properties
Now, in terms of nutritional values, Capsicum is pretty great as it’s a rich source of antioxidant and vitamin C. However, the overall nutritional values depend on the color of capsicum as well. Red peppers typically have more vitamins and nutrients than green peppers as they have twice the vitamin C content of their green counterparts.
It is about 200 percent of your daily requirements of Vitamin C. Furthermore, red and green peppers are high in phenolic compounds that have antioxidant properties, and believed to help lower the risk of stomach cancer by reducing the formation of carcinogenic nitrosamines.
Health Benefits Of Shimla Mirch
It’s a potent anti-inflammatory agent: Capsicum offers plenty of phytochemical constituents that are proven to have anti-inflammatory properties, hence reduces the chances of various diseases caused by inflammation.
It prevents gut diseases: Tannins are potent astringent and they are well-regarded for their fighting ability against various microbes to prevent multiple gut-related ailments, including dysentery and diarrhea. Capsicum has an abundance of tannins and thus it helps to maintain your gut health. Moreover, one study shows that capsicum produces gastric mucus that protects gastric linings and hence, proven to be beneficial for peptic ulcer patients.
Relieves menstrual cramps: In many traditional medicines, capsicum is used to relieve menstrual cramps and mood swings. According to some experts, it’s due to the flavonoid content of capsicum, though not much researches have been done to prove the same yet.